J-1 – Training and Exchange Visa
The United States government issues J-1 Visas to individuals who take part in a wide range of exchange visitor programs sponsored by schools, businesses, and a variety of organizations and institutions. These programs are envisioned for business and industrial trainees, scholars, students, international visitors, teachers, research assistants and those on cultural missions. In addition, there are several exchange visitor programs for young people, including summer employment programs, internship programs for university students and au-pair programs.
Frequently Asked Questions about J-1 Visas
What Categories are Eligible for a J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa?
- Anyone who takes part in an exchange program approved by the U.S. Department of State
- Au-pairs and nannies
- Business and Industrial trainees
- Foreign scholars sponsored by universities as temporary faculty
- Government visitors
- Medical students coming to the United States as residents or interns
- Post-graduate students
- Research scholars
- Summer camp counselors and staff
Each category has specific requirements for obtaining a J-1 visa.
What are the Requirements for a J-1 Visa?
Applicants must work with a designated sponsoring organization and must show:
- A plan to remain in the U.S. for a temporary and specific period
- Evidence of funds to cover their expenses in the U.S.
- Evidence of compelling social, economic or other binding ties in their home country that will ensure their return at the end of their U.S. visit
What are the Privileges of a J-1 Visa?
Visas holders can:
- Enter the U.S. and participate in exchange visitor program approved by the U.S. Department of State
- Travel in and out of the U.S. or remain in the U.S. continuously till the completion of the exchange visitor program
- Apply for dependent visas for a spouse as well as unmarried dependent children under 21
- Work legally in the U.S. if work is part of an approved program or if they receive permission to work from the official program sponsor
- Apply for and receive work permits for accompanying relatives
What are the Limitations of a J-1 Visa?
Visas holders must restrict themselves to studying, working or otherwise participating in the special exchange program for which the visa has been approved.
- Someone must first be accepted as a participant in the program approved by the DOS before they apply for J-1 visa
- In some cases the visa holder must return to their home country for at least two years before they are permitted to get a Green Card or change to most other non-immigrant visa status
Contact us for additional information on J-1 visas, and guidance through what can be complicated process.
- H-1B – Professionals
- L-1A/B – Intra-company Transferees
- H-2B – Seasonal workers
- E-1 – Treaty Trader and E-2 – Treaty Investor Visas
- TN – NAFTA Professionals
- J-1 – Training and Exchange Visa
- O-1 – Extraordinary Ability
- P – Artists, Athletes and Entertainers
- R-1 – Religious Workers
- B-1/B-2 Visa or Waiver – Business or Pleasure Visitors